Glossary of Safety Terms F - J



Federal Register: A daily publication of the U.S. government that highlights recently decreed laws, rules and regulations.

Fire and life safety program: A plan implemented by businesses and other organizations to protect constituents (e.g., employees, tenants); includes elements such as preventing fire, checking building design for compliance with fire and safety codes, ensuring proper emergency exits and avoiding electrical hazards.

First aid: Emergency measures to be taken before regular medical help can be obtained; first aid kits are required in the workplace.

Fraud: Any knowingly false statement for the purpose of obtaining or denying workers' compensation benefits.

Frequency: A measure of how often injuries and illness occur; expressed as a raw number or in some form of rate or ratio.

Fumes: Particles that develop after being heated; mostly arise from metals and plastics.

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Gases: Formless fluids that may be toxic; can be protected against by the wearing of gas masks.

General Industry Safety Orders (GISO): OSHA orders that apply to all businesses across the board.

GISO: See General Industry Safety Orders.

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Hazard: A condition with the potential to cause harm or physical damage.

Hazard control program: A formal written program to control one or more types of occupational health and safety hazards or to prevent degradation of the environment; usually includes instructions for managing specific hazards.

HCO: See health care organization.

Health care organization (HCO): Provides managed medical care within the workers' compensation system in some states.

Health hazards: Substances that pose a risk through either acute (immediate) or chronic (long-term) toxicity.

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IDHL: See Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health.

IIA: See Insurance Institute of America.

IIPP: See Injury and Illness Prevention Program.

Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDHL): An atmospheric concentration of any toxic, corrosive, or asphyxiant substance that poses an immediate threat to life, would cause irreversible or delayed adverse health effects or would interfere with an individual's ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.

Imminent hazard: Any condition or practice in a workplace that could cause death or serious physical harm immediately or before the hazard can be eliminated.

Incident: An event, with known casual factors, leading to injury or illness.

Independent adjuster: A person who charges a fee to the insurance company to adjust claims.

Independent contractor: A fee-for-hire individual who exercises control over how the work is done; labor law enforcement agencies and the courts look at several factors to decide if someone is an independent contractor or an employee.

Industrial hygiene: A specialized area that recognizes, evaluates and controls chronic (longer-term) worker exposures to harmful physical or chemical agents or conditions such as noise levels, ventilation rates, airborne contaminants, heat exposure and radiation.

Industrial safety procedures: Guidelines for implementing safety regulations and practices in industrial settings, designed to prevent accidents or acute illnesses; procedures include those for the safety of cranes, trenches, construction, electrical, confined spaces and elevators.

Injuries and Illnesses Log (300): Required recordkeeping about injuries and illnesses caused by work-related activities that result in lost work time, fatalities, off-site treatment and / or restricted work activity. Log information must be posted at the worksite.

Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP): A health and safety program that employers develop and implement.

Inspections: Periodic audits of the workplace environment, including equipment, chemicals, building structure, documented procedures, records and employee knowledge of job requirements and hazards. Interdepartmental or external (conducted by outside agencies) inspections check for compliance with health and safety regulations.

Insurance Institute of America (IIA): Oversees a variety of continuing education programs for professionals in the insurance business and related fields, including certifications such as the Associate of Risk Management (ARM).

Insurer: The insurance company that may provide a workers' compensation policy.

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JHA: see Job Hazard Analysis.

Job Hazard Analysis (JHA): A step-by-step method of identifying the hazards associated with a particular task; also known as Job Safety Analysis (JSA).

Job Safety Analysis (JSA): A way to identify the hazards associated with a job or task; also known as Job Hazard Analysis (JHA).

JSA: see Job Safety Analysis.

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